One hundred and five years ago, Theodore Roosevelt gave what would become one of the most widely quoted speeches of his career – “The Man in the Arena”. The former president—who left office in 1909—had spent a year hunting in Central Africa before embarking on a tour of Northern Africa and Europe in 1910, attending events and giving speeches in Cairo, Berlin, Naples, and Oxford, among others. He stopped in Paris on April 23, and, at 3 p.m. at the Sorbonne, before a crowd that included “ministers in court dress, army and navy officers in full uniform, nine hundred students, and an audience of two thousand ticket holders,” Roosevelt delivered a speech called “Citizenship in a Republic,” which, among some, would come to be known as “The Man in the Arena.”
In addition to speaking about his own family history, war, and the responsibilities of citizenship; Roosevelt railed against cynics who looked down at men who were trying to make the world a better place. “The poorest way to face life is to face it with a sneer,” he said. “A cynical habit of thought and speech, a readiness to criticize work which the critic himself never tries to perform, an intellectual aloofness which will not accept contact with life’s realities—all these are marks, not … of superiority but of weakness.” Then he delivered an inspirational and impassioned message that drew huge applause:
It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who neither know victory nor defeat.
The speech was a wild success. “Citizenship in a Republic” ran in the Journal des Debats as a Sunday supplement and sent to the teachers of France by Le Temps. The speech was printed by Librairie Hachette on Japanese vellum, and was turned into into a pocket book that sold 5000 copies in five days. The “Man in the Arena” speech was was translated across Europe almost instantaneously. Roosevelt himself was surprised at its success!
President Roosevelt might be even more surprised to learn that the most famous section of his speech still resonates and inspires, even today. “Man in the Arena” was quoted by President Nixon in his resignation speech. It was used by Nelson Mandela prior to the 1995 Rugby World Cup where South Africa defeated the favored All Blacks of New Zealand. Washington Nationals player Mark DeRosa would read it to himself before big games, to include Game 4 of the National League Division Series in 2012. DeRosa read it aloud to his teammates. “That’s a quote I’ve always gone back to,” he told the Washington Post. “I go to that a lot, I really do. I’ve done it since college. I like it because people think they know, but they have no idea what we’re thinking from pitch to pitch. With our backs against the wall I wanted to say something that brought us together, a little band of brothers. Go out and fight. See what happens. I felt it was fitting. It fires me up when I read it.” The team was victorious.
The speech has its cultural touchstones, too: One wonders what Teddy would have made of his words being tattooed on Miley Cyrus and used in a Cadillac commercial?
The partners of SSG have all been in the arena, have suffered greatly, and achieved mightily. We hold close to our hearts these words of Teddy Roosevelt. Stay in the Fight!